Although I was born, raised and still reside in New York, I am always amazed at how much there is to do and see so close to home. Several times, while crossing over the Rip Van Winkle bridge, I have noticed a striking and imposing mansion that sits at the top of a mountain.
After doing some research, I found out that this stately building was the family home of the very well known Hudson Valley School painter Frederick Church. A Google search on him revealed the most beautifully executed landscapes I have ever seen. This is one of my favorites, the sunset as viewed from his terrace.
We drove up the long, winding driveway and to my delight it is open to the public for tours, but we missed the last one at 3. I was not disappointed at all because to me, the beauty of Olana is completely the Persian influence as seen in the architecture and most of all, the intricately painted details.
View of the Hudson from the grounds…
The driveway leads to the back of the house for public parking. Walking the grounds is allowed and that is when the detail work can be seen at it’s best.
The following history is from their website and gives insight into the story behind Olana.
LEARN: Frederic Church’s Olana
Frederic Church, one of the premier American landscape painters, will forever be associated with the Hudson River Valley, where he painted and made his home. Immensely popular in the mid-19th century, his paintings are characterized by a calmness and sense of hope.
Born in 1826 in Hartford, Connecticut, Church studied for several years with Thomas Cole, widely regarded as the first exponent of the Hudson River School of painting. Church moved to New York in 1849 and began his independent career. Within a year he became the youngest artist ever to be elected to the National Academy of Design – a distinction that remains to this day.
Church traveled widely throughout his career, using his sketches of New England, South America, Europe, the Arctic, and the Middle East, to create the transcendent landscapes that brought him fame, respect, and wealth. By the late 1870s, severe rheumatism had largely curtailed his career, although he continued to sketch at his home and many trips to Mexico in the 1880’s and 1890’s. Church spent most of his last twenty years at his estate on the Hudson River, Olana, finally dying in New York City in 1900.
What is Olana? The name Olana first appeared written “Olâna” as the heading of a letter written by Isabel Church. A contemporary newspaper article credited Isabel for thinking of the name, explained as “the old Latin name for a place in Persia, to which the artist’s home bears some resemblance in situation.” Scholars have linked the name to a translated volume of Strabo’s Geographica, a Christmas gift from Isabel to Frederic. Strabo’s publication describes the geography of the Roman Empire and references the city “Olane,” as one of the “treasure-storehouses” on the Araxes River, which offered a view of Mount Ararat, where Noah’s ark was said to rest. It is likely that the Churches appreciated the associations this name had their own Persian-inspired stone “fortress” situated high above the Hudson River with majestic views west to America’s promised land.
Built high on a hill near Hudson, NY between 1870 and 1891, then as now, the main house offers magnificent sweeping vistas of the Catskill Mountains, the Hudson River and the Taconic Hills. Today, Olana is a New York State Historic Site, a National Historic Landmark, and one of the most popular tourist destinations in the Hudson Valley and upstate New York.
Called by Church “the Center of the World,” Olana’s Persian-style house and 250-acres of picturesque grounds are a masterpiece as grand as any of his paintings.
As Mr.Church aged, he decided to stay at Olana full time to paint. He built this wing for his studio, which also has sweeping views of the Hudson River.
Next to the house is the old stables and carriage house that have been turned into a visitor center and a gift shop.
The old stall dividers were fortunately kept intact.
Attached to the building is the very charming residence built for the Coachman.
Coincidentally, the day we went, Hudson Valley resident and author Glenda Ruby was having a reception for her fictional murder mystery “Death at Olana”.
It was a pleasure to meet her and I look forward to reading my signed copy!
To Ericka and Bob, this was WAY more fun than doing yard work!!